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Genome of Homo sapiens

From Genomics and Precision Medicine #

Genome

  • 30% is repeats, SINE, LINE
  • 5% conserved accross multiple species
  • 1.5% protein coding genes
  • 80% may be functional (ENCODE project)

Gene

  • Average size: 20kb, 8 exons, but highly variable
  • 22,000 genes
  • Alternative splicing (90% genes of human genome)
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